Prioritized Flow Optimization With Multi-Path and Network Coding Based Routing for Scalable Multirate Multicasting


In this paper, we study performance optimization for scalable video coding and multicast over networks. Multi-path video streaming, network coding based routing, and network flow control are jointly optimized to maximize a network utility function defined over heterogeneous receivers. Content priority of video coding layers is considered during the flow routing to determine the optimal multicast paths and associated data rates for each layer. Our optimization scheme attempts to find content distribution meshes with minimum path costs for each video coding layer while satisfying the inter-layer dependency during scalable video coding. Based on primal decomposition and primal-dual analysis, we develop a decentralized algorithm with two optimization levels to solve the performance optimization problem. We also prove the stability and convergence of the proposed iterative algorithm using Lyapunov theories. Extensive experimental results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm not only achieves the max-flow throughput using network coding, but also provides better video quality with balanced layered access for heterogeneous receivers.

IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology
Li Song
Li Song
Professor, IEEE Senior Member

Professor, Doctoral Supervisor, the Deputy Director of the Institute of Image Communication and Network Engineering of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, the Double-Appointed Professor of the Institute of Artificial Intelligence and the Collaborative Innovation Center of Future Media Network, the Deputy Secretary-General of the China Video User Experience Alliance and head of the standards group.